Embroidery and bead weaving
The beads are directly linked to the development of glassmaking. There is a legend that says that the first beads created by the Phoenicians, who happened to be in Syria.
The Phoenicians had decided to land on the shore and prepare their own meals over a campfire. First they started finding large stones to put their pots of food. After a long search, they found nothing and decided to use pieces of nitrate from his ship. The fire began to melt and nitrate flowed across the sand.
Quartz crystals that are found in any sand, were heated by nitrate and turned out the glass. So it was really difficult to judge or not, but it is known that Phoenician traders were selling similar products in all Mediterranean countries.
There is another version of glass, which had been the birthplace of Ancient Egypt. Glass found in the tombs, which date back to the fourth century BC. The Egyptians made beads, necklaces, glass dish. They have added in steklomassu metals to produce colored glass. Very popular were colorful beads, which were both female and male.
The first mention of the beads are associated with Egypt. Beads with the Arabic is translated as "fake pearls". After the conquest of Egypt, the Roman Empire, glass making is widely spread among the whole empire. After the collapse of the Roman Empire and split it into two independent parts, the Centre of glass production was moved to Byzantium.
After the fall of Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire ceased to exist, most of the artists moved to other States and countries. The bulk of the wizards rushed in Venice where glass and seed beads reached a peak. Venice long was the leader in glassmaking and biseroproizvodstvu. Embroidery brought substantial profits to the State.
In the Byzantine Empire the Glaziers had enjoyed special privileges, but it is strictly prohibited to other countries with a raw glass, which made it easy to identify. So Venice maintained its monopoly on glass-fusing, embroidery and bead weaving from beads.
Beads has gained great popularity all over the world. They decorated the woman's clothing, purses, household items, jewelry, and more. Loved yourself decorate unusual embroidery beaded natives. They gladly exchanged it for gold. They paid special attention to clothing, embroidered with beads.
In the 18 century Bohemia (North Bohemia) was a serious competition to Venice. They created their own recipe for the manufacture of glass called "forest glass." Soda is replaced with normal wood ashes. This method of receiving more refractory glass, difficult to manufacture. It possessed excellent optical properties, it was more durable and was ground with ease.
As a result of competition between manufacturers of light appeared a large number of different beads of various shades and shapes. Beads came from precious metals.
The great popularity of beads acquired at the beginning of the 19th century in France when it became fashionable to complement your city suit black beads and glass beads. Soon the fashion bead has spread to many countries of the world. When decorating the city's suit used the same color fabric and beads, which created the daylight shine and a game the rays of the Sun.
Modern designers just love to use in their Bugle beads and various collections. Ladies love to wear clothing with ornaments, attracting considerable interest on the part of others. Bead weaving remained a very popular pastime.